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            Lillehammer 1994

            Schedule change

            In 1986 the IOC voted to change the schedule of the Olympic Games so that the Summer and Winter Games would be held in different years. To adjust to this new schedule, the Lillehammer Games were held in 1994, the only time that two winter Games have been staged two years apart.

            Memorable champions

            Local hero Johann Olav Koss won three speed skating events and set a world record in every one. Vreni Schneider of Switzerland won a complete set of medals in Alpine skiing, and Manuela Di Centa of Italy earned medals in all five cross-country events. The women’s biathlon was dominated by Myriam Bédard of Canada, who won both individual races.

            Repeat performers

            Swiss pair Gustav Weder and Donat Acklin became the first repeat winners of the two-man bobsleigh. Russian pairs skaters Ekaterina Gordeeva and Sergei Grinkov returned to repeat their Olympic victory of 1988. American Bonnie Blair made history by becoming the first woman to win three consecutive speed-skating titles in the 500m and to win a second 500m/1000m double.

            Olympic spirit

            Although the Games took place during the Bosnian War, the Bosnia and Herzegovina four-man bob team consisted of one Croatian, two Bosnians and a Serbian - the best possible example of the Olympic spirit at the worst of times.

            NOCs: 67
            Athletes: 1,737 (522 women and 1215 men)
            Events: 61
            Volunteers: 9,054
            Media: 6,633 (2,615 written press, 4,018 broadcasters)

            Every two years

            Since 1994, the Olympic Winter Games and the Games of the Olympiad are held alternately every two years.

            An Environmental Conscience

            Based on respect for the environment, these Games were baptised the "White-Green Games" by President Samaranch.

            The Olympic Spirit

            The composition of the Bosnia and Herzegovina four-man bob team was: one Croatian, two Bosnians and a Serbian - the best possible example of the Olympic spirit at the worst of times.

            An Emotive Call by the President

            In memory of Sarajevo: "Our message is stronger than ever: Please stop the fighting. Stop the killing. Drop your guns."

            Ceremonies

            Lillehammer, 12 February 1994. Opening Ceremony in Lysgaardsbakkene. The "vetters ».

            Official opening of the Games by:
            His Majesty King Harald V

            Lighting of the Olympic Flame by:
            Prince Haakon

            Olympic Oath by:
            Vegard Ulvang (cross country skiing)

            Officials' Oath by:
            Kari Karing (figure skating)

            Lillehammer 1994 Emblem

            It is composed of a stylized aurora borealis (Northern lights), the five Olympic rings, snow crystals and the title "Lillehammer '94". The emblem is a development of the aurora borealis symbol used during the candidature phase. It was inspired by contact with nature, the sky and snow. The aurora borealis is a natural phenomenon due to the northerly position of Norway. It has associations of power, great tension and dramatic spectacle. The main colours of the emblem are cobalt blue and white.

            Lillehammer 1994 Medals

            Ingjerd Hanevold, who created the medals, says she designed them to be "humorous, sober and recognizable" and that their design "is Norwegian through and through". Her innovative surprise was to use granite - sparagmite to be precise - as the basic material. "I tried to create something that reflects what Norwegians like and appreciate, i.e. nature. There is plenty of granite in our country, and it is beautiful in its simplicity. I think that, thanks to the other components - gold, silver and bronze - the medals are very stylish."

            More info
            Lillehammer 1994 Mascots
            Haakon and Kristin

            The mascots' names refer to historical figures from the 13th century whose destiny is closely linked to Norway and the Lillehammer region: Håkon IV Håkonson, King of Norway from 1217 to 1263, and Princess Kristin, his aunt.

            More info
            Lillehammer 1994 Torch

            Number of torchbearers: unknown
            Total distance: around 6 000 km
            Countries crossed: Greece, Germany, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and Norway

            More info
            Lillehammer 1994 Poster

            The posters, produced following the rules of the Lillehammer Games design programme, were meant to incorporate three main aspects : Norwegian originality and particularity, human contact and contact between mankind and nature. The design programme was the main tool in achieving the goal of presenting a unified image. It featured basic visual elements which could be combined in different ways to serve as a basis for recognition and identification : the Lillehammer emblem, the pictograms, the pictographic emblems, the crystal theme, colours, typography and the mascots.

            LILLEHAMMER 1994: Nature and tradition

            Olympic design made in Lillehammer, a threefold design concept: originality and Norwegian character, human contact, and contact between man and nature. Focused on respect for the environment, these were named the “White-Green Games by President Samaranch.

            More info

            The “Official report of the XVII Olympic Winter Games Lillehammer 1994” was innovative in more ways than just its title. Published in 1995 by LOOC, it is composed of a small-format set in four volumes, published in three separate versions: French, English and Norwegian. Each set also contains a CD-ROM containing electronic versions of all the texts, as well as video clips.











            • Lillehammer 1994
              • Lillehammer 1994

                12 Mar 2014 |
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                The “Official report of the XVII Olympic Winter Games Lillehammer 1994” was innovative in more ways than just its title. Published in 1995 by LOOC, it is composed of a small-format set in four volumes, published in three separate versions: French, English and Norwegian. Each set also contains a CD-ROM containing electronic versions of all the texts, as well as video clips.

            athletes

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            Re-live Lillehammer 1994!


            Gallery

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            Lillehammer 1994-The opening ceremony. At Lysgaardsbakkene. Prince Haakon lightening the Olympic flame.
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            Lillehammer 1994-The luge competitors (single women). At Hunderfossen. NOVIKOVA Olga (RUS) 18th.
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            Lillehammer 1994-TORVILL Jayne and DEAN Christopher (GBR) 3rd, training. At Hamar.
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            Lillehammer 1994-The match NOR-FIN (0:4). At Haakons Hall. KRISTIANSEN Erik (NOR) and PALO Marko (FIN).
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            Lillehammer 1994-At Hamar. TSYBENKO Sergey (KAZ) 33rd and BOUCHARD Patrick (CAN) 38th, on the right.
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            Lillehammer 1994-At Birkebeineren. FAUNER Silvio (ITA)1st and D?HLIE Bj?rn (NOR) 2nd.
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